Sung Ryul Lee, MD, PhD, FACS, Geon Young Byun, MD
Department of Surgery, Damsoyu Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Background and Objectives: In patients with inguinal hernias who have undergone radical prostatectomy, dissecting the medial preperitoneal space is difficult because of the presence of fibrotic scars. It is also difficult to guarantee sufficient space for mesh implantation. We added laparoscopic iliopubic tract repair (IPTR) to transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) hernioplasty, and evaluated this for the treatment of inguinal hernias after radical prostatectomy
Methods: This retrospective study included 29 male patients with inguinal hernias after radical prostatectomy who underwent TAPP hernioplasty between January 1, 2015 and October 31, 2018. Laparoscopic IPTR was performed first, followed by TAPP hernioplasty.
Results: All patients had an indirect inguinal hernia. The mean time from radical prostatectomy to TAPP hernioplasty was 2.1 years (range, 0.3–11 years). In one patient, the peritoneal flap was insufficient, and the operation was performed using a dual-layer mesh. All other patients underwent conventional TAPP hernioplasty. The mean operation time was 42 min (range, 30–50 min), and the mean duration until return to normal activities was 8.4 days. There were two minor postoperative complications (one hematoma and one seroma). The mean follow-up period was 45.8614.0months (range, 22–67 months), and chronic pain or recurrence was not observed.
Conclusion: Adding laparoscopic IPTR to TAPP hernioplasty in patients with a history of radical prostatectomy is feasi- ble and safe, with a low risk of chronic pain and recurrence.
Key Words: Inguinal hernia, Hernioplasty, Prostatectomy, Laparoscopy.