Appendix-Sparing Transabdominal Preperitoneal Laparoscopic Hernioplasty for a De Garengeot’s Hernia. Video Demonstration
Alberto Gómez-Portilla, MD, PhD, Elena Merino, MD, Eduardo López de Heredia, MD, Alberto Gareta, Esther Diago
Background and Objectives: Less than 300 cases of a De Garengeot’s hernia have been published. This rare femoral hernia with the vermiform appendix included appears almost exclusively on the right side, mainly in females, and it gen- erally debuts as an incarcerated femoral hernia. Although most of the times there is a concomitant appendicitis, clinical signs of peritonitis are absent. The wide use of radiologic exams has not favored its preoperative diagnosis, but been usually found incidentally during a surgical emergency. The best surgical approach to a De Garengeot’s hernia is not totally defined and many critical questions still remain unanswered. Open surgery is considered the standard treatment procedure, but since the emergence of laparoscopy for incarcerated hernias, this is certainly an option.
Methods: We report the successful laparoscopic management of an 83-year-old woman who had been operated on her right inguinal hernia, with a Rutkow-Robbins’ technique, 4 months earlier. She had noticed the protrusion of a lump in her right inguinal region for 2 months. Radiological studies were not conclusive. With a miss diagnosis of a recurrent incarcerated inguinal hernia, a minimal invasive endoscopic approach was performed. A representative case of this fully laparoscopic TAPP procedure is presented.
Results: The patient made an uninterrupted recovery. She left the hospital the day after in a stable condition and has enjoyed good health since.
Conclusion: A fully laparoscopic TAPP approach seems perfectly safe and feasible to treat this entity, and could be con- sidered the first line alternative when enough expertise is available.
Key Words: De Garengeot’s Hernia, TAAP, Laparoscopic Hernioplasty, Appendix, Femoral Hernia.